The Evolution of an Optimism

On finally facing the Enquiry Centre, I saw that it consisted of three parts, representing successive stages in its evolution. The oldest section exhibited the brutalist style typical of many British university buildings of the 1960s and early ’70s. McKean and Walker describe it as “a muscular medieval fortress”, and its concrete buttresses and small windows…

Anarchism and the State as a Technology

Noam Chomsky and Bob Black offer contrasting forms of anarchism with very different attitudes to democracy. Black’s version may be more coherent as anarchism, but Chomsky’s might have a better chance of altering the trajectory of human social evolution.